Psych 7705 Unit 1 Quiz
Unit 1 Quiz 1
Q1: When Applied Behavior Analysis was in its infancy, almost anyone could call themselves a "behavior specialist" or "behavior modifier" by simply attending a workshop. Most of these workshops focused on the use of consequences for controlling behavior, sometimes including the presentation of unhealthy foods (e.g., candies) as reinforcers, or the application of aversive consequences to reduce problematic behavior. These early days of "behavior modification" occurred circa:
Q2: Early "behavior modifiers" often worked in institutional settings or hospitals that housed hundreds of patients. Prior to the introduction of __________ treatments, these patients primarily received medical and custodial care for their basic needs.
Q3: Some early behavior modifiers promoted that they could easily and quickly produce dramatic changes in behavior. Because there were no guidelines or restrictions on treatment, some created and tried new ways to apply highly aversive consequences as methods to decrease self injurious, destructive, or inappropriate behaviors. Examples cited in the text include the use of:
Q4: In 1972, the Sunland Training Center in Miami, Florida, became the target of an intensive investigation regarding alleged abuses to residents. Chronic problems noted at Sunland included high turnover rates, frequent understaffing, and low quality training. Which of the following statements apply to the reported abuses?
As a result of the investigation at the Sunland Training Center, a Blue Ribbon Panel Resident Abuse Investigating Committee was formed and included Jack May Jr., Todd Risley, plus the following professionals:
Q6: Regarding the cruel and abusive procedures that had been employed at Sunland training center, the Blue Ribbon Panel Resident Abuse Investigating Committee observed that:
Q7: The "treatment" milieu at the Sunland Training Center did not include programmed activities to prevent boredom, the right to privacy, and the ability to express grievances. Unfortunately, the "treatment" program did include:
Q8: The "treatment" program at the Sunland Training Center had originally consisted of, or degenerated into, abusive procedures. The Blue Ribbon Panel "Resident Abuse Investigating Committee" observed that this was possible because:
Q9: The Blue Ribbon Panel "Resident Abuse Investigating Committee" made recommendations to prevent future systematic abuses in the name of "behavior modification." Which of the following outcomes are associated with the work of this committee?
Q10: Koocher and Keith-Spiegel outlined __________ ethical principles for psychologist in their book Ethics in Psychology. These principles also apply to behavior analysts.
Q11: The third ethical principle from the book by Koocher and Keith-Spiegel is "benefitting others." An important role of behavior analyst is to help others in whatever setting or situation they may work, live, or play. However, this may put the behavior analyst at odds with other professionals and requires frequently asking the question "__________"?
Q12: When Applied Behavior Analysis was in its infancy, there was very little research on the application of behavior principles, and there was no c[a]e of ethics for behavioral researchers or practitioners.
Q13: In 1968, the first professional publication in the field was titled the J[a] of Applied Behavior Analysis.
Q14: The Blue Ribbon Panel Resident Abuse Investigating Committee conducted more than 70 interviews and examined many records. One of the concerns of the committee involved the training and credentials of the staff psychologist. This psychologist, Dr. E., was reportedly responsible for attempting to establish the treatment program that consisted of, or evolved into, abusive procedures. Although his professional qualifications were not clear, Dr. E. had reportedly presented himself as an expert in behavior m[a]ion.
Q15: Ethics comes from the Greek word ethos, meaning m[a] character.
Q16: Bailey and Burch describe the first ethical principle from the book by Koocher and Keith-Spiegel. This principle is often described as the Hippocratic Oath. In brief, this principle is "do [a]".
Q17: The second ethical principle from the book by Koocher and Keith-Spiegel may involve making the client more capable of accessing his or her own reinforcers, rather than depending on other people. A related risk is that the client may learn a skill that increases his or her independence, but also increases personal risk. In some cases, the work of a behavior analyst may be resisted because it challenges the status quo. In brief, this principle can be described as "respecting a[a]y"
Q18: The fourth ethical principle from the book by Koocher and Keith-Spiegel relates to the question, "How would I like my mother or my child to be treated in similar circumstances?" This principle is described as Being Just and is directly derived from the "G[a] Rule."
Q19: It is important for behavior analysts to be loyal, trustworthy, and honest. This builds long-term relationships and successful careers. Koocher and Keith-Spiegel described their fifth ethical principle as "being [a]ful."
A good behavior analyst supports effective training for staff, caretakers, and parents to teach the client how to communicate effectively, including how to request preferred foods, clothing, activities, and environmental conditions. In other words, the behavior analyst makes every effort to treat each client with the utmost di[a]ty and respect. This is the sixth ethical principle described by Koocher and Keith-Spiegel.
Q21: The good behavior analyst supports relationships with clients that demonstrate sympathy and concern. "Treating others with caring and com[a]ion" Is the seventh ethical principle described by Koocher and Keith-Spiegel.
Q22: Because behavior analysis is a rapidly growing field, it is important to participate in continuing education activities and to review the professional literature to learn about changes in rules and regulations, keep up with the latest research, and become proficient in new methods and procedures. Koocher and Keith-Spiegel described this eighth ethical principle as the "pursuit of ex[a]ce."
Q23: Behavior analysts must assure that behavioral assessments and treatment plans are thorough, proper, justified, and worthy of consideration. When a treatment fails, the behavior analyst must accept the blame and make necessary corrections to satisfy the client and all stakeholders. Koocher and Keith-Spiegel described this ninth ethical principle as "accepting r[a]y."
Q24: When do behavior analysts begin their ethical training?
Q25: Which one of the following is not a core ethical principle?